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Deviated Septum Surgery

What Is Deviated Septum Surgery (Septoplasty)?

Nasal congestion can lead to difficulty in daily life and irregular sleep. The curvature of the middle compartment of the nose, consisting of cartilage in the front and bone in the back, which we call septum deviation, is the most important cause of nasal congestion.

Septum deviation can also lead to sinusitis, nosebleeds and sometimes headaches. This condition can be corrected by deviated septum surgery (septoplasty).

Deviated septum surgery (septoplasty) is a surgical procedure to remove congenital or subsequent curvature of the cartilage in the nose. Not every deviated septum may require surgery. But if the curvature of the nose causes difficulty breathing, the quality of life increases as it contributes to breathing along with its correction.

The septum, which has a kind of curtain-like structure that divides the inside of the nose into two separate parts, has a complex anatomy consisting of cartilage and bone. From technical points of view, it is divided into 5 separate regions. Curvatures found in the anterior regions lead to more respiratory problems.

Because of the swelling that mostly occurs in the flesh of the nose, difficulty breathing occurs along with the curvature of the septum. In this case, treatment should be planned by addressing all problems.

Who Can Get Deviated Septum Surgery (Septoplasty)?

Deviated septum surgery (septoplasty) is an operation to correct these curvatures. If the operation is not too mandatory, it is usually performed after the age of 17-18. It is easily applied with general or local anesthesia. After surgery, we prefer to place silicone leaves in the nose and effortlessly pull them out after 2-3 days.

However, if desired, no substance can be used by simply stitching. After this procedure, there is no swelling and bruising around the nose and eyes. Patients do not need bed rest and do not feel any pain other than tenderness at the tip of the nose and above the lips.

Deviated septum surgery (septoplasty) is a treatment method that can be applied with local or general anesthesia. During the procedure, the main goal is to ensure that the curtain inside the nose is smooth and prevent it from blocking the passage of air.

During this application, it is possible to use some pieces of cartilage taken from the septum in the rhinoplasty process. In this way, it is possible to get a smoother aesthetic result in the nose. During the removal of cartilage from the nose, some areas of the septum are maintained, ensuring that there is no loss of resistance.

Why Is Nasal Congestion Due to Septum Occur?

One of the most common causes of nasal congestion is the deformity of the septum. The septum shape that should be is thin and straight. However, the septum may be bent for various reasons and its shape may be distorted.

Because of this, breathing may become impossible. Septoplasty surgery is important in cases where the shape of the septum is deformed enough to cause nasal congestion.

 

How Is Deviated Septum Surgery (Septoplasty) Performed?

Deviated septum surgery (septoplasty) is the surgical correction of the deformity of the septum. Along with anesthesia, an incision is made from the inside of the nose to the one side of the septum.

The surgeon corrects the blocked part of the septum from the incision he opened. The operation can be applied in many ways. In some application methods, the section with congestion can be removed.

In some methods, the obstructing part is corrected and re-placed. No matter how the operation is performed, it is intended to create changes in the external appearance of the nose.

After Deviated Septum Surgery

After deviated septum surgery (septoplasty), the patient should be fed watery and soft foods. Feeding can begin 3 hours after the operation. From the day after the operation, you can return to normal eating habits.

After surgery, there may be mild pain. At this stage, the pain is controlled by the help of painkillers given under the control of the doctor. Severe pain is not seen. Nasal tampons placed during nasal curvature surgery are special silicone tampons.

It usually does not cause problems such as pain or bleeding when removing, such as cloth and rope tampons used in the past. For the first 1-2 weeks after surgery, nasal wounds may experience nasal congestion due to crusts and accumulated discharge. During recovery, this blockage will decrease, and breathing will become easier over time.

Deviated septum surgery (Septoplasty), if performed in expert hands, increases the quality of life, and eliminates serious problems such as ear congestion, chronic fatigue, long-term sleep need caused by inability to breathe.

Nasal Fractures

Nasal fractures are one of the most common nasal injuries. The nose is a delicate structure consisting of cartilage and bone. The nose, which is one of our most important organs for breathing, drains the air taken while breathing and allows the inside of the nose to become moist. But because it is right in the middle of the face, it can easily be damaged. Micro or maximum fractures can occur in cases such as falls, sports injuries, or impact.

What Is a Nasal Fracture?

Nasal fracture refers to the fractures that occur because of the strokes between 45 and 85 kilograms taken to the nose. Most of the patients cannot immediately notice the damages and fractures in the nose. Especially in closed nasal fractures, it is detected that there is a fracture when a specialist is consulted with symptoms such as inability to breathe for a long time and headache.

The severity of the nasal fracture can only be determined by the surgeon after manual examinations. If the person consults a doctor immediately, a nasal fracture or dislocation can be treated immediately. However, this situation may vary depending on the fracture structure.

What Are the Symptoms of a Nasal Fracture?

A nasal fracture can occur at micro levels or macro levels. In micro-level fractures, a person thinks that they come out of simple blows without problems, but tiny fractures can lead to serious problems in the breathing process later.

In addition, obvious symptoms occur in nasal fractures. These symptoms may occur immediately or may be noticed by the person after a long time.

Nasal fracture symptoms are:

  • If the patient feels pain or tenderness when he touches his nose, this may indicate a broken nose.
  • Swelling and edema in the nasal area.
  • Severe bleeding of the nose after damage, impact, or fall may be a sign of a broken nose.
  • Bruising may occur on the nose or in the eyes.
  • Details such as congestion in the nostrils, difficulty breathing, increased mucus from the nose are among the symptoms for a broken nose.

Why Does a Nasal Fracture Occur?

A nasal fracture can occur for many different reasons. Nasal fractures can occur, especially as a result of a person engaging in sports that require contact with an opponent, such as football, basketball.

In road accidents, nasal fractures can occur when a hard object hits the nasal area.

How Is Nose Fracture Treated?

There are many different methods for treating a broken nose. If the bone and cartilage in the nose are displaced, it may be necessary to provide support by placing a tampon in the nose. In addition, if the bone and cartilage are displaced, the nasal bones are put back in place by the surgeon.

This process is called reduction. The nostrils are then checked, and the broken bones and cartilage are replaced.

If more than 10-15 days have passed and the bones in the patient’s nose have union, rhinoplasty is a more accurate option 6 months after the fracture. Nasal fractures are usually treated with operations.

First Aid Process for Nasal Fractures:

For nasal fractures, it is necessary to remain calm first. Nose intervention should only be performed by a surgeon experienced in this area. Otherwise, it is necessary not to interfere with the nose. When a fracture and bleeding occur, the patient’s head should be tilted forward so that blood does not go to the throat.

After the head is tilted forward, an ice compress should be applied. In this way, nasal swelling is prevented. First intervention for a broken nose should only be performed by a doctor.

It is necessary to apply first aid rules until the doctor support. After the formation of a fracture, it is very important to balance the head with a high pillow.